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Giraffes recommended to be placed on the U.S.A. Endangered Species List

Kamili baby giraffe

Kamili baby giraffe

Did you know that a series of valves in the Giraffe’s neck stops blood from rushing to its head when it bends down to drink?

Read more here  about the amazing Giraffe !

The Perth Zoo’s Australasian Giraffe Breeding program has resulted in a wonderful and cute new addition.  She is a Rothschild Giraffe, Kamili, which is Swahili for “perfection.”  Click on the following links for more information.



Around this time last year, five major wildlife protection groups petitioned the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to list the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) as an endangered species.

An article in “The Conversation” states that – While extinction can be a natural process, the current rate of extinction is anything but. Scientists estimate that at least 99 out of 100 species extinctions in the world today are the result of human action.

It also states:

In 1964, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) began tracking the conservation status of species on its “Red List.” Although the IUCN provides information only about the status of species, this is the first step in helping to limit extinction because it allows conservation efforts to be directed where they’re most needed.

In 2016 the International Union for the Conservation of Nature–  IUCN – SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group (GOSG) recognized a single species of giraffe, Giraffa Camelopardalis as vulnerable.  This means the animal faces extinction in the wild in the medium-term future if nothing is done to minimize the threats to its life or habitat. The next steps are endangered, critically endangered, extinct in the wild and extinct.



The following article gives very good information about this initiative. Please read it and share.  The information of the effective date of the IUCN vulnerable listing given may be mis-leading though, as it was in 2016 that the main species of giraffe was put on the List (not in 2018 which is inferred in the article when it states “yesterday”).


Julian Fennessy, the co-chair of the IUCN’s Species Survival Commission’s Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group said at a press conference “With a decline of almost 40 percent in the last three decades alone, the world’s tallest animal is under severe pressure in some of its core ranges across East, Central and West Africa. As one of the world’s most iconic animals, it is timely that we stick our neck out for the giraffe before it is too late.”

The giraffes face two main threats, encroachment from cities and towns into their habitat and poaching.  The giraffe is already gone from seven countries, Burkina Faso, Eritrea, Guinea, Malawi, Mauritania, Nigeria and Senegal.

In the USA, under the terms of the Endangered Species Act (ESA), passed in 1973, listed species are protected from actions “authorized, funded or carried out” by the federal government that may jeopardize their continued existence or adversely affect their essential habitat. Species members are also protected from direct harm by any person. Commerce in species protected by the ESA is generally a crime.

Heightened demand for giraffe products can encourage people to hunt illegally – for example, taking more giraffes than limits allow or hunting in places where it is not permitted.  The giraffe is not currently listed on either of the CITES appendices, but this does not prevent individual countries – such as the United States – from deciding to limit imports.  CITES is the international Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, of which species under Appendix I mean there is an almost complete ban on commercial international trade, and species under Appendix II require all international trade in that species be monitored and subject to permits.

Listing on the ESA would require the USA federal government to limit imports of giraffe parts into the United States and would therefore help curtail global demand.

At the time of writing this, the listing on the ESA is still under review.  Please bookmark the web page that shows the decision making process, and do what you can to ensure the giraffe is put on the ESA list.  Thank you.


The Listing process in PDF can be downloaded / saved by clicking on the Link below:



Misha with Makulu, Rothschild Giraffes, in “the Kiss” at Perth Zoo, 1995.


Credit: AP Photo/West Australian/ Ron D’Raine

Makulu the male offspring captured with her in ‘The Kiss’ has 58 descendants, her lineage extends all over the world.

Read more here


Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi –  Rothschild Giraffes.

This giraffe is a subspecies of the Northern Giraffe and is also known as the Baringo or Ugandan giraffe. The name Rothschild’s is in honor of the London zoologist Lionel Walter Rothschild who also maintains insects, birds, fish, spiders and numerous types of fauna with his family name.


Rothschild’s Giraffes are accorded full protection under the Kenyan Wildlife (Conservation and Management) Act (Chapter 376) and in the Republic of Uganda Giraffe are protected under the Game (Preservation and Control) Act of 1959 (Chapter 198) and listed under Part A of the First Schedule of the Act as animals that may not be hunted or captured.  Click on the IUCN link below and scroll down to Conservation, for more information.


Read about the other Species of the Giraffe “Family”  here .


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