Fascinating Animals

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Archive for the category “Scientific”

Giraffes recommended to be placed on the U.S.A. Endangered Species List

Kamili baby giraffe

Kamili baby giraffe

Did you know that a series of valves in the Giraffe’s neck stops blood from rushing to its head when it bends down to drink?

Read more here  about the amazing Giraffe !

The Perth Zoo’s Australasian Giraffe Breeding program has resulted in a wonderful and cute new addition.  She is a Rothschild Giraffe, Kamili, which is Swahili for “perfection.”  Click on the following links for more information.

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/animals/perth-zoo-unveils-name-of-baby-giraffe-kamili-ng-b88790424z

https://perthzoo.wa.gov.au/article/we-have-giraffe-calf

Around this time last year, five major wildlife protection groups petitioned the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to list the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) as an endangered species.

An article in “The Conversation” states that – While extinction can be a natural process, the current rate of extinction is anything but. Scientists estimate that at least 99 out of 100 species extinctions in the world today are the result of human action.

It also states:

In 1964, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) began tracking the conservation status of species on its “Red List.” Although the IUCN provides information only about the status of species, this is the first step in helping to limit extinction because it allows conservation efforts to be directed where they’re most needed.

In 2016 the International Union for the Conservation of Nature–  IUCN – SSC Giraffe and Okapi Specialist Group (GOSG) recognized a single species of giraffe, Giraffa Camelopardalis as vulnerable.  This means the animal faces extinction in the wild in the medium-term future if nothing is done to minimize the threats to its life or habitat. The next steps are endangered, critically endangered, extinct in the wild and extinct.

AA GIRAFFE CLASSIFICATION

Read more…

Who Is the Strongest?

READ  MORE   HERE   !

The half inch long dung beetles are the strongest living creatures on Earth. The male insects of this small species of insects can lift or pull 1141 times their own body weight. It is just like an average sized human carrying 80 tons or 72574.8 kg.

The news might take the shine off the title of World’s Strongest Man for Lithuanian Zydrunas Savickas; in 2009 he pulled a 70-tonne plane for 30m in under 75 seconds – this works out as only 411 times his 170kg body weight.

What makes dung beetles so strong?

Written Mar 26, 2016  by John Cassis

Small creatures all seem strong relative to their size, because their strength is relative to the cross sectional *area* of their muscles, not their weight or volume. If you double the length of an organism, the muscle cross-section goes up four-fold, but the weight and volume go up 8 fold – so you get bigger-er not stronger-er.

Another way of looking at it is that if a dung beetle can lift it’s own weight, then if it were to double in size, it could only lift half of its weight, without developing proportionally bulkier muscles.

This topic was famously covered in a 1928 essay by JBS Haldane, called “On being the right size”. I think it’s one of the most lucid science essays I’ve ever read.

See also:

http://britton.disted.camosun.bc.ca/scalefactor/factors.html

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20161121-the-worlds-strongest-animal-can-lift-staggering-weights

Well, today at work I was barely able to lift a heavy box (to me) of files, weighing 15 kg.  My weight is 43 kg only, and if I take the load ( 15 ) and divide it by my personal petite weight ( of 43 kg), the result is 0.35 – which is a very rough SWR !!

STRENGTH TO WEIGHT RATIO

The Link above does mention working out this ratio uses averages including “Bench presses”.  You may, like me, innocently ask “But what IS a Bench press ??”    It is laying on your back and picking up weights on a bar and raising them up and straight above, in my terms.  Looks dangerous to me!  Wikipedia says:

The bench press is an upper body strength training exercise that consists of pressing a weight upwards from a supine position. … A barbell is generally used to hold the weight, but a pair of dumbbells can also be used.

This page  HERE  mentions averaging out your ratios after different types of exercises, like squats and bench presses.  The closest I note that matches lifting a heavy (for me) box is the DEADLIFT –  read  HERE for info.

However, my “dead-weight Lift” involved a square shape and a dense solid mass, not a nice (looking) bar with weights at either end – this different structure makes a difference to your SWR.

The box I lifted was destined to go to an off-site storage company, that has a weight limit for each packed box (to be picked up and carried by their drivers) – – – and that Limit is 16 kg.  Not bad therefore that I could lift 15 kg, in my great opinion.

My 43 kg weight converts to 95 pounds.   I used   THIS  site to work out that (in theory) a 45 kg female could or should (if she wanted) lift a 26 kg dead-weight.   Speaking for myself, I had best do some intense “resistance” (strength) training, before I attempt picking up and lifting a BARBELL (bar to attach weights to)  with any weights on it at all !!

If you are keen to find out more about weight training equipment for human beings,  try  THIS  page.  It mentions the lightest weight plates (which affix to the barbell) are 2.5 pounds for Americans or 1.13 kg for Australians.  It seems an average barbell itself (without the weights at the end) weighs 20 kg.  It would be a great day when I  dead-lift 21 kg total (barbell + 0.5 kg weight at each end), let alone 26 kg -barbell plus a 3kg weight at each end.

That would mean a SWR of approximately 0.5 up alot from an SWR of 0.35 for my “dead-box” lift today (LOL).  I would be happy with being able to lift 50% of my body weight, even if the Weaver Ant can lift 10 to 50 times its body weight !!

See:

http://britton.disted.camosun.bc.ca/scalefactor/factors2.html

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20161121-the-worlds-strongest-animal-can-lift-staggering-weights

Wolves change Rivers – Yellowstone National Park

Ecology is the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.  Sometimes I read people’s comments on Forums saying to never give anyone advice about anything much, because you don’t know how you will affect the person you are trying to give advice to!  You may make things worse.

Well, that is very funny to me, and not logical at all, because we are all Life Forms including Homo sapiens or human beings.

As such, in the 3-D world / reality, we are built or formed to interact with other Life and our natural environment.  Nobody can stop the “march or the tide of Ecology” including  Human Ecology ( yes there is a formal study called Human Ecology ).   F.E.A.R. of False Evidence Appearing Real motivates some not to interact with others, for fear of upsetting them or making things worse.

But nobody is an Island and if you believe each human being has a brain and an awareness, and personality & Ego of their own, then you can know that each person is capable of and indeed responsible for how she / he responds to communications or actions toward her / him, or to anything !

Anyhow in 1995, as shown in the Video above, the US Fish and Wildlife Service, along with Canadian biologists, captured 14 wolves in Canada and placed them in Yellowstone National Park, where they had been extinct since 1926. Over the next few years, the number of wolves rose, but that was the least of the changes that took place in Yellowstone.

This is indeed an incidence of GOOD ECOLOGY, in this case human precipitated.  Just because the wolves had become extinct in 1926 did the Scientists leave things as they were?  No, I for one am glad they did not leave the status quo, but did their research and on the understanding how Ecology works, these 14 amazing Wolves were introduced to Yellowstone National Park.

 

Australian government on “probation” – to save the Great Barrier Reef

Great Barrier Reef In June 2015 the UNESCO World Heritage Committee made a historic decision for the Great Barrier Reef that put the Australian government on probation until the Reef’s health improves.  The Australian Government now has until 2016 to show that its rescue plan is working and until 2019 to demonstrate it has stopped the decline of the Reef. The most significant features of the decision are:

  • The World Heritage Committee expressed concern that the outlook for the Reef is poor and key habitats and species have continued to decline, and listed climate change, poor water quality, and coastal development impacts as the major threats.
  • The Committee will continue its vital role as a watchdog to ensure Australia “rigorously implements all of its commitments”.
  • An acknowledgement that the existing financial commitment to the Reef 2050 plan is an ‘initial’ amount – a clear indication the Committee recognizes that the plan is underfunded.
  • If the Reef’s World Heritage values continue to decline, then an ‘in-danger’ listing will almost certainly be delivered at the 2020 meeting.

Just 12 months ago, the Australian Government had approved plans to dump millions of tonnes of dredge spoil from mega-port expansions into the Great Barrier Reef’s waters. On 1st July, that approval was overturned and WWF expects a ban on dumping from new port development in the Reef’s World Heritage waters to be in force within months. Read more   HERE turtle_Great_Barrier_ReefThe Great Barrier Reef (GBR) stretches 2,300 kilometres along the Queensland coast and includes over 2,900 reefs, and around 940 islands and cays. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is 345,000 square kilometres in size, five times the size of Tasmania or larger that the United Kingdom and Ireland combined! The reef is immensely diverse. It is home to more than 1,500 species of fish, 411 types of hard coral, one-third of the world’s soft corals, 134 species of sharks and rays, six of the world’s seven species of threatened marine turtles, and more than 30 species of marine mammals, including the vulnerable dugong. Add to that stunning marine suite as many as 3,000 molluscs and thousands of different sponges, worms and crustaceans, 630 species of echinoderms (starfish and sea urchins) and 215 bird species, of which 22 are seabirds. The GBR is listed under all four natural World Heritage criteria for its outstanding universal value.

READ MORE AT THE   WORLD WILDLIFE FUND WEBSITE

GET YOUR COPY OF AUSTRALIA’S   “REEF 2050 PLAN”    HERE

Click on the “Reef 2050 Long-Term Sustainability Plan” link – to download the FULL plan

Let’s have Fun – go in the Polls !

Okay, it’s time to slow down a bit and have some fun or entertainment by having your say in one of the “Fascinating Animals” and / or “Our Lovely World” Polls.

It’s easy – just click on the Titles above or on the Links below to join in, and to view the Results.

I’ll even place a Poll in this Post.  Don’t be lethargic or stick-in-the-mud, your say is “annonymous” and the results could be quite interesting.

https://facinatingamazinganimals.wordpress.com/polls/

https://starstruckworld.wordpress.com/polls/

 

NOW, for this Post’s Poll !

In the Beginning was ……  no, you CAN’T choose Aliens or God or Nothing or the Void, because the Poll is actually about either Light or Sound

I once attended an Astrology course and had an argument with the teacher about whether Light or Sound was in the VERY beginning, the first thing emanating from the “Void”.  You may choose to say there was both Light and Sound at the same time, but it will be interesting to see how many choose only “Light” and how many choose only “Sound.”

 

This Post  about what physicist Professor Brian Cox says about “what makes the universe up or down” may help you answer.

By the way, the reason for my answer can be found by clicking  HERE.

ENJOY, if you do, and share with your friends.

Polite discussion about this Poll is invited.  You will need a WordPress Username to comment (which is a requirement to try to stop spammers from posting silly stuff on this Blog).

Click on the tab titled “WordPress” at the top for steps on how to get a WordPress Username/”Account”.

Ocean Conservancy – Marine Wildlife and Seascape Photo Contest

Gulf of Mexico

The Ocean Conservancy’s Summer 2014 Marine Wildlife and Seascape Photo Contest received more than 1,200 entries.

The top two prizes were awarded to Ian Lindsey and Christian Martinez, whose photographs received Judges’ Choice and People’s Choice.

Ian’s photo “Honu Gathering” depicts a group of sea turtles gathered on a Hawaiian beach at sunset, while Christian’s image “Ocean, Waves and Nature” perfectly captures the beauty of a Puerto Rican beach.

This summer’s contest also included winners from five different categories: Arctic, Our Ocean, Fish, Gulf of Mexico and Human Impact.  The winning photographs for these categories can be found  HERE.

Read more…

AQWA – Aquarium of Western Australia

BigFishatAQWA

Yesterday Thursday 26th June, I went with my sister & partner to AQWA at Hillary’s Boat Harbour, Western Australia.

Read more…

Stop the landfill of the Dugong habitat in Okinawa

Urgent stamp

Please sign and share this   PETITION   calling on Okinawa Governor Nakaima to deny the landfill application for the waters of Henoko.

Okinawa dugong, a close relative of the manatee and the northernmost population of its species, is now on the verge of extinction. The dugong, a gentle marine mammal once commonly seen around Okinawa, has long been a symbol of the sea rich in life. The coast off Henoko, in Nago, still beautiful with wildlife such as corals and turtles, holds a rich sea-grass colony where the dugong feed.

However, there are plans to landfill this area to construct a US military base.

In March, Minister of Defense Itsunori Onodera filed with Okinawa Governor Hirokazu Nakaima an application for approval to landfill waters off Henoko in order to build a new base. This filing used an environmental assessment conducted by the Defense Bureau to claim that the dugongs will “stay far away from the construction site”.

The Governor has already expressed grave concerns regarding the environmental assessment and impact on the welfare of local residents. In response, the Defense Bureau has simply maintained its assertion that the dugongs would not be affected.

But on September 22, Kyodo News broke the story that the Defense Bureau had actively hidden important facts about dugong activity in Henoko waters uncovered during its environmental assessment.

Dugong feeding traces had been found in the waters off Henoko through April to June last year and a dugong was sighted in Oura Bay, adjacent to the Henoko beach. It’s clear that for the Defense Bureau, those findings constituted ‘inconvenient truths’ better hidden from the public.

The Governor will make his decision on the project before December. If this project is carried out, the Henoko seagrass beds, together with the Okinawa dugong, will be lost forever.

We hope all the people of the world will join us in an effort to continue to co-exist with the dugongs. Please sign and share our   petition   calling on Okinawa Governor Nakaima to deny the landfill application for the waters of Henoko.

TAKE ACTION NOW

Thank you for your support.

From the Association to Protect the Northernmost Dugong —
Masako Suzuki, Etsuko Urashima, Iyanaga Kenichi

Henoko, Okinawa, Japan

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